In this study, we performed X-ray diffraction (XRD) and environmental scanning electron microscope (ESEM) techniques to examine the structure and morphological observation of the samples and thermoluminescence (TL) experiments to extract the trapping parameters and dosimetric properties of LaAlBO3 phosphors doped with Eu at various doping concentrations. Diffraction patterns of obtained sample were well consistent JCPDS card No 98-009-7945, indicating the formation of pure phase. The TL kinetic parameters were estimated by CGCD software. TL glow curves of LaAlBO3:Eu3+ consist of 12 trap levels and exhibited dominantly first order kinetics. Photoluminescence (PL) emission was observed in the range 400-800 nm for LaAlBO3 phosphor doped with Eu3+. The dominant emission of Eu3+ corresponding to the electric dipole transition D-5(0) -> F-7(2) is located at 616 nm. The sharp emission properties exhibited demonstrate that the LaAlBO3 is a suitable host for rare-earth ion doped phosphor material. It is observed that for the variable concentration of Eu3+ on PL studies, the PL intensity augments with increase in the dopant concentration and the concentration quenching was found after 1 mass% of Eu3+. The PL experimental results reveal that LaAlBO3:Eu3+ phosphor as an red emitting phosphor may be promising luminescence materials for the optoelectronic applications.