Turkey's energy planning considering global environmental concerns

Incekara C. O. , Ogulata S. N.

ECOLOGICAL ENGINEERING, vol.102, pp.589-595, 2017 (Journal Indexed in SCI) identifier identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: 102
  • Publication Date: 2017
  • Doi Number: 10.1016/j.ecoleng.2017.02.033
  • Page Numbers: pp.589-595


Energy and energy policies are the main factors to determine the position of the country in the globalized world. By the year 2023 Turkey's main aim on the optimal energy distribution is to reduce the cost of energy production, create minimum effect on ecosystem and to use uninterrupted, environmentally friendly energy sources under the lights of UNFCCC and Kyoto protocol which was signed by Turkey also. By considering these facts; in this study a new mathematical energy model is proposed to design the future energy systems of Turkey and by solving it under this aim Turkey's 15-years electricity generation plan is obtained which is mainly used the renewable energy sources that has minimum effect on ecosystem. Turkey's energy need in 2030 is solved by a multi-objective mixed integer linear programming model under the Republic of Turkey Ministry of Energy and Natural Resource (MENR)'s objectives/goals by the year 2023 which are stated in the MENR's "Security of Energy Market and Supply Strategy" document and the scenario model optimizes simultaneously the objectives of energy production cost minimization, within the framework of the UNFCCC responsibilities of Turkey reduction on emissions of greenhouse gases, minimization of the use of power plants that use fossil fuels that has significant impacts on ecosystem, environment and causes of climate change. (C) 2017 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.