Prognostic factors determining recurrence in early-stage endometrial cancer


MISIRLIOGLU S., GÜZEL A. B. , GULEC U. K. , GÜMÜRDÜLÜ D. , VARDAR M. A.

EUROPEAN JOURNAL OF GYNAECOLOGICAL ONCOLOGY, vol.33, no.6, pp.610-614, 2012 (Journal Indexed in SCI) identifier identifier identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: 33 Issue: 6
  • Publication Date: 2012
  • Title of Journal : EUROPEAN JOURNAL OF GYNAECOLOGICAL ONCOLOGY
  • Page Numbers: pp.610-614

Abstract

Objective: This study aimed to determine the clinically important prognostic factors for loco-regional or distant recurrence in early-stage endometrial cancer. Materials and Methods: This study complied with the Declaration of Helsinki, and the local ethics committee approved the study: Cases who underwent primary surgery of early-stage endometrial cancer at the Institution from 2000 to 2012 were reviewed retrospectively. Patients who did not detect recurrence were classified as group 1 (n = 200); those who detected recurrence were classified as group 2 (n = 23). Clinically prognostic factors were evaluated by univariate analyses. Results: The average age for group 2 (LUSI) was 63.8 years (p = 0.0001). Patients with grade 3 histology were all detected within group 2 (p = 0.0001). Endometrioid adenocarcinoma displaying squamous differentiation was found with a rate of 58.3% in group 2 (p = 0.0001). Lower uterine segment involvement (LUSI) and lymphovascular space invasion (LVSI) rates were 86.9% in group 2 (p = 0.0001). The rate of tumor size > 2 cm was 56.6% in group 2 (p = 0.0001). The median depth of myometrial invasion (DMI) was 5.1 mm (p = 0.034) and the average in myometrial thickness was 14.5 mm in group H (p = 0.0001). The percentage of myometrial invasion was 35.8% in Group II (p = 0.0001). Tumor free-distance was 9.4 mm in group II (p = 0.0001). Conclusion: Age and clinicopathological parameters of the tumours are significant predictors for recurrence in early-stage endometrial cancer.