Detection of Aroma Compounds of Some Apricot Cultivars by Headspace Gas Chromatography


Kafkas E. , Kargi S. P. , YILMAZ K., Demirtas M. N.

28th Int Horticultural Congress on Science and Horticulture for People (IHC) / Int Symposium on Genomics and Genetic Transformation of Horticultural Crops, Lisbon, Portekiz, 22 - 27 Ağustos 2010, cilt.929, ss.275-281 identifier identifier

  • Cilt numarası: 929
  • Basıldığı Şehir: Lisbon
  • Basıldığı Ülke: Portekiz
  • Sayfa Sayısı: ss.275-281

Özet

A study was aimed to detect the aroma profile of 20 apricot cultivars, i.e., 'Turfanda Eski Malatya', 'Karacabey', 'Paviot', 'Zerdali No.1', 'Aprikoz', 'Soganci', 'Hasanbey', 'Roxana', 'Royal', 'Sekerpare', 'Cataloglu', 'Kabaasi', 'Stark Early Orange', 'Sakit-3', 'Hacihaliloglu', 'Iri Bitirgen', 'Casna Drenova', 'Cologlu', 'Ordubat' and 'Imrahor' which are grown at the Fruit Research Institute in Malatya province of Turkey. Aroma compounds were identified using gas chromatography (GC) with mass spectrometry (MS). Extraction was done automatically using headspace apparatus of GC/MS. Aroma composition of apricot genotypes varied according to genotype. Among the detected aroma compounds, 12 alcohols, 8 aldehydes, 4 esters, 3 terpenes, 2 lactones, 2 ketones, 2 acids and 3 other compounds were identified and.-decalactone was detected as the major compound in 'Hacihaliloglu' which is our local and leading genotype.