Metamaterial-based energy harvesting for GSM and satellite communication frequency bands

Bakir M., Karaaslan M., KARADAĞ F., Unal E., Akgol O., Alkurt F. O., ...More

OPTICAL ENGINEERING, vol.57, no.8, 2018 (SCI-Expanded) identifier identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: 57 Issue: 8
  • Publication Date: 2018
  • Doi Number: 10.1117/1.oe.57.8.087110
  • Journal Indexes: Science Citation Index Expanded (SCI-EXPANDED), Scopus
  • Çukurova University Affiliated: Yes


A metamaterial-based energy harvesting structure has been designed and experimentally tested in this study. The proposed structure has square and split ring resonators placed in different angles on the back and front sides for compatible multiband operation in energy harvesting. Resonance points have been defined at 900 MHz, 1.37 GHz, 1.61 GHz, 1.80 GHz, and 2.55 GHz, by simulation and experimental methods. These points correspond to Global System for Communication (GSM) 900, GSM 1800, Universal Mobile Telecommunication System (UMTS), satellite navigation, and Industrial Scientific and Medical (ISM) band frequencies. Supporting multiband application in a single structure without changing dimensions or design is one of the properties of this study. To harvest captived electromagnetic energy, an HSMS 2860 Schottky diode has been used. For wireless power transmission efficiency, voltage across the Schottky diode has been measured by a spectrum analyzer in different points experimentally. The maximum obtained voltage across the Schottky diode is 90 mV at 1800 MHz when a 500 mV signal is applied from a 5 cm distance. Simulated and experimental results prove that the proposed structure can effectively be used in GSM, satellite communication, and UMTS electromagnetic bands for energy harvesting and filtering applications. (C) 2018 Society of Photo-Optical Instrumentation Engineers (SPIE)