We investigated the expression of A disintegrin and metalloprotease with thrombospondin type I repeats-13 (ADAMTS-13) in the central nervous system (CNS), because it is related to blood-brain barrier (BBB) permeability. We also investigated 8-OHdG, caspase-3 and neuronal nitric oxide synthase (nNOS) expression for the cytotoxic effects of oxidative stress (OS) and nNOS, and their relation to apoptosis. We also investigated the neuroimmunopathology caused by L. monocytogenes. Brain tissues were obtained from 10 lambs and 10 kids with listeric meningoencephalitis, and healthy brain tissue from six lambs and six kids. Serial sections of brain were stained by hematoxylin and eosin (H & E), and using immunohistochemistry (IHC) for L. monocytogenes antigen, ADAMTS-13, 8-hydroxy-2 '-deoxyguanosine (8-OHdG), nNOS and caspase-3. We found that ADAMTS-13, 8-OHdG, nNOS and caspase-3 expression in the brain was increased in L. Monocytogenes infected animals compared to uninfected controls. Intense staining for 8-OHdG was observed only in neurons and glia that were exposed to OS. ADAMTS-13 was increased significantly, which may play a role in regulating and protecting BBB integrity and cells of the CNS in cases of listeric encephalitis. Increased expression of ADAMTS-13 may be critical for supporting the survival of neurons and glia. We found that L. monocytogenes-related increases in OS and nNOS, and that the associated apoptosis, may participate in neurodegeneration and neuropathology in listeric encephalitis.