Geomechanical characterization, 3-D optical monitoring and numerical modeling in Kirkgecit-1 tunnel, Turkey

Aydin A., Ozbek A., ACAR A. N.

ENGINEERING GEOLOGY, vol.181, pp.38-47, 2014 (SCI-Expanded) identifier identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: 181
  • Publication Date: 2014
  • Doi Number: 10.1016/j.enggeo.2014.08.010
  • Journal Indexes: Science Citation Index Expanded (SCI-EXPANDED), Scopus
  • Page Numbers: pp.38-47
  • Çukurova University Affiliated: Yes


The geomechanical characterization of a twin-tube tunnel during exploration and excavation stages is presented and used as a base (a) to interpret the monitored long-term displacements, (b) to numerically investigate if the displacement pattern at a given section could be predicted using an equivalent continuum model and (c) to assess adequacy of the NATM recommended excavation method and support systems. The pre-excavation rock mass classification by RMR and Q systems utilizing logs of two exploration boreholes lead to reasonably similar predictions of the as-built rock mass quality.