Investigation of Perceived and Preferred Leadership Behavior in Terms of Gender of Athletes: A Meta-Analysis Study


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Şirin Y. E. , Bilir F. P. , Sahin N.

INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF APPLIED EXERCISE PHYSIOLOGY, cilt.8, ss.151-162, 2019 (ESCI İndekslerine Giren Dergi) identifier

  • Cilt numarası: 8
  • Basım Tarihi: 2019
  • Dergi Adı: INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF APPLIED EXERCISE PHYSIOLOGY
  • Sayfa Sayısı: ss.151-162

Özet

In sports teams, team leaders play an important role for the success of athletes and their high level of performance. The ones who lead the team are generally the coaches. Therefore, this study aims to examine the athletes' perceptions and preferences of leadership behaviors by gender of athletes. A total of 20 studies that included 173 studies using Chelladurai & Saleh's sport leadership scale were included in the study. Effect sizes for random effects model; the study included 20 studies, which were sub-dimensions of training and instruction, democratic, autocratic, social support and positive feedback by using Hedge "g" coefficient. Different methods were used to examine publication bias in funnel plots, Duval and Tweedie's trim and fill method and meta-analysis such as Egger's regression test. As a result of the findings, it was found that there was no differences in gender in training and instruction, autocratic, social support and positive feedback except democratic- which are sub-dimensions of leadership behaviors in sports, and it was found that the gender of the athletes were not related to their perception of leadership behaviors and preferences This result shows that the gender of the athletes is not a demographic variable that is effective in their perceptions and preferences of leadership behaviours except for democratic behavior. This study provides valuable information for understanding the dynamics of sports leadership among young athletes and the importance of the gender of the athlete in the athlete-coach interaction.