Catalytic effect of metal based nanoparticles on emission and vibration analysis of diesel engine

Yaşar A. , Keskin A. , Tosun E. , Yıldızhan Ş.

International Journal of Automotive Engineering and Technologies, vol.9, no.3, pp.113-121, 2020 (Refereed Journals of Other Institutions)

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: 9 Issue: 3
  • Publication Date: 2020
  • Doi Number: 10.18245/ijaet.730092
  • Title of Journal : International Journal of Automotive Engineering and Technologies
  • Page Numbers: pp.113-121


In current study, exhaust emission, vibration and noise features of diesel engine with addition of metallic based nanoparticles into diesel fuels were investigated experimentally. Various nanoparticles called as silver (II) nitrate (AgNO3), manganese (II) nitrate hydrate (Mn(NO3)2. xH20) and nickel(II) nitrate hexahydrate (Ni(NO3)2.6H2O) were used as an additive to diesel fuel at 25 ppm and 50 ppm dosing level so as to obtain six different fuel samples. Diesel engine with air-cooled and a single cylinder were utilized for engine tests altering engine speed from 1200 to 2800 rpm at the intervals of 400 rpm. The results demonstrated that of the nanoparticle addition did not remarkably affect the physicochemical features of the diesel test blends. But, the addition of nanoparticles slightly raised viscosity, cetane number and the heating value of test fuels especially, at the higher nanoparticle concentrations. In all experiments, with nanoparticle added blend fuels, CO, HC, NOx emission values and brake specific fuel consumption (BSFC) declined in parallel with the increase in nanoparticle concentration. In addition, it was shown that the Sound Pressure Level (SPL) and vibration characteristics of the engine block also decreased with increasing nanoparticle concentration of test fuels. As a result, AgNO3 addition to diesel fuel has an effective role in both reducing emission and vibration values and reducing BSFC values.