Effects of spontaneous first breath on placental transfusion in term neonates born by cesarean section: A randomized controlled trial

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Kilicdag H., Parlakgumus D., Demir S. C., Satar M.

FRONTIERS IN PEDIATRICS, vol.10, 2022 (SCI-Expanded) identifier identifier identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: 10
  • Publication Date: 2022
  • Doi Number: 10.3389/fped.2022.925656
  • Journal Indexes: Science Citation Index Expanded (SCI-EXPANDED), Scopus, EMBASE, Directory of Open Access Journals
  • Keywords: placental transfusion, physiologic-based cord clamping, umbilical cord milking, delayed cord clamping, neonates, infants, UMBILICAL-CORD MILKING, BLOOD-FLOW, INFANT, MANAGEMENT, ONSET, BIRTH, HYPERBILIRUBINEMIA, RESPIRATION, NEWBORNS, DELIVERY
  • Çukurova University Affiliated: Yes


BackgroundThe role of umbilical cord management in placental transfusion in cesarean section (CS) requires clarification. The spontaneous first breath may be more important than the timing of cord clamping for placental transfusion in neonates born by CS. ObjectiveThis study aimed to evaluate the impact of cord clamping after the first spontaneous breath on placental transfusion in neonates born by CS. MethodsWe recruited women with a live singleton pregnancy at >= 37.0 weeks of gestation admitted for CS. The interventions performed, such as physiologic-based cord clamping (PBCC), intact-umbilical cord milking (I-UCM), 30-s delay in cord clamping (30-s DCC), and 60-s delay in cord clamping (60-s DCC), were noted and placed in a sealed envelope. The sealed envelope was opened immediately before delivery to perform randomization. ResultsA total of 123 infants were eligible for evaluation. Of these, 31, 30, 32, and 30 were assigned to the PBCC, I-UCM, 30-s DCC, and 60-s DCC groups, respectively. The mean hemoglobin (Hb) and mean hematocrit (Hct) were significantly higher in the 60-s DCC group than in the PBCC group (p = 0.028 and 0.019, respectively), but no difference was noted among the I-UCM, 30-s DCC, and PBCC groups at 36 h of age. Further, no significant differences were observed in the mean Hb and mean Hct among the I-UCM, 60-s DCC, and 30-s DCC groups. Peak total serum bilirubin (TSB) levels were higher in the 60-s DCC group than in the I-UCM and PBCC groups (p = 0.017), but there was no difference between the 60-s DCC and 30-s DCC groups during the first week of life. The phototherapy requirement was higher in 60-s DCC than in IUCM and 30-sDCC (p = 0.001). ConclusionsOur findings demonstrated that PBCC, 30-s DCC, and I-UCM in neonates born by CS had no significant differences from each other on placental transfusion. The Hb and Hct in the neonates were higher after 60-s DCC than after PBCC.