Chronic peritoneal dialysis (CPD) is the modality of choice for children with end-stage renal disease in Turkey. CPD was first instituted in 1989 in Turkish pediatric patients by using imported basic equipment and solutions since then the number of patients on CPD increased gradually. Parallel to the developments in the PD industry, in 2002, the Turkish Pediatric Nephrology Association established the Turkish Pediatric Peritoneal Dialysis (TUPEPD) Study Group to study peritoneal dialysis in children and adolescents. Today in Turkey, almost all of the PD equipment and PD solutions are available. Turkish pediatric nephrologists now have a significant experience with PD. Physicians, parents, and the children prefer to start with CPD because of its advantages, such as a more liberal social life and better school attendance.