Purification and Characterization of Polyphenol Oxidase from Akko XIII Loquat (Eriobotrya japonica cv Akko XIII)


SENER A. , Unal M. U.

FOOD BIOTECHNOLOGY, cilt.25, ss.30-42, 2011 (SCI İndekslerine Giren Dergi) identifier identifier

  • Cilt numarası: 25 Konu: 1
  • Basım Tarihi: 2011
  • Doi Numarası: 10.1080/08905436.2011.547115
  • Dergi Adı: FOOD BIOTECHNOLOGY
  • Sayfa Sayıları: ss.30-42

Özet

Akko XIII is an important loquat variety grown in Turkey. As with many fruits and vegetables, enzymatic browning catalyzed by polyphenol oxidase (PPO) also occurs in loquats. PPO from Akko XIII loquat was extracted and purified through (NH4)2SO4 precipitation, dialysis and ion exchange chromatography. The enzyme showed several peaks with PPO activity on DEAE-Toyopearl 650 M column, of which only two (isoenzyme A and isoenzyme B) were characterized. Assay of activity of the isoenzymes between pH 3.04 and 7.80 using catechol as substrate showed two activity peaks, one at acidic pH and the other at neutral pH. pH optima of isoenzyme A and B were found to be at 7.4 and 4.98, respectively. The Km values of isoenzyme A and B using catechol as substrate were found to be 152.3 mM and 5.4 mM, respectively. They both displayed maximal activity at 30oC. The two isoenzymes displayed different heat resistance and sensitivity towards various inhibitors.