Comfort and Performance Properties of Raised and Laminated Denim Fabrics

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SABIR E. C., Kadem F. D.

FIBRES & TEXTILES IN EASTERN EUROPE, vol.24, no.5, pp.88-94, 2016 (SCI-Expanded) identifier identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: 24 Issue: 5
  • Publication Date: 2016
  • Doi Number: 10.5604/12303666.1198064
  • Journal Indexes: Science Citation Index Expanded (SCI-EXPANDED), Scopus
  • Page Numbers: pp.88-94
  • Keywords: denim, fabric, comfort, raising, lamination, MEMBRANES
  • Çukurova University Affiliated: Yes


In this study, denim fabrics manufactured using standard processes were selected as reference fabric and subjected to mechanical and chemical finishing treatment. The effects of the two finishing treatments on the comfort and performance properties of the fabric were investigated. The test samples were the reference fabric, raised fabric and laminated fabric. The comfort tests were for fabric thickness, air permeability and water vapor permeability. The performance tests were for tensile strength, fabric stiffness, tearing strength and fastness. Colour and microscopic image analyses of the samples were also made and evaluated. Raising and lamination improved the thermal resistance properties, whereas raising increased air permeability. Evaluating the performance, fastness and colour properties of the raised and laminated fabric samples did not reveal any significantly negative outcomes. Raising can be recommended for use on the condition that seasonal variations be considered, since it creates comfortable denim fabrics with improved thermal resistance and air permeability.