Removal of lead from aqueous solutions using Saudi activated bentonite

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Al-Shahrani S.

10th International Conference on Modelling, Monitoring and Management of Water Pollution, Bucharest, Romania, 9 - 11 June 2010, vol.135, pp.277-288 identifier identifier

  • Publication Type: Conference Paper / Full Text
  • Volume: 135
  • Doi Number: 10.2495/wp100241
  • City: Bucharest
  • Country: Romania
  • Page Numbers: pp.277-288


Raw Saudi bentonite which was obtained from the Khulays bentonite deposit, 95 km north of Jeddah, was ground to -325 mesh (44 mu m) Samples of ground bentonite were activated using sulfuric acid in order to increase its adsorptive capacity The removal characteristics of lead ions from aqueous solution using Saudi activated bentonite were investigated under various operating variables such as shaking time, solution pH and initial metal concentration The results showed that the sorption of lead ions on Saudi activated clay was very fast and the equilibrium was reached after only 10 min They also showed that increasing the initial lead concentration decreased lead removal percentage due to the saturation of clay with lead ions Furthermore, the adsorption of lead increases from 20 to 100% with an increase in solution pH from 1 to 5 0 and then 100% lead was removed when solution pH was from 5 to 11 The adsorption isotherm data were well fitted well with Langmuir better than Freundlich models Lead adsorption onto Saudi activated bentonite was well represented by the pseudo-second-order kinetic model