Estimate of the Association of IGF-I and IGFALS Genes with Growth Traits in Hamdani Sheep

BAYRAKTAR M., Shoshin O.

BRAZILIAN ARCHIVES OF BIOLOGY AND TECHNOLOGY, vol.64, 2021 (SCI-Expanded) identifier identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: 64
  • Publication Date: 2021
  • Doi Number: 10.1590/1678-4324-2021210262
  • Journal Indexes: Science Citation Index Expanded (SCI-EXPANDED), Scopus, Animal Behavior Abstracts, Aquatic Science & Fisheries Abstracts (ASFA), BIOSIS, Biotechnology Research Abstracts, CAB Abstracts, Veterinary Science Database, Directory of Open Access Journals
  • Keywords: IGF-I, IGFALS, Hamdani sheep, growth traits, candidate gene, 5' FLANKING REGION, POLYMORPHISM, MARKER, LENGTH
  • Çukurova University Affiliated: No


IGF-I and IGFALS play a vital stimulator role in skeletal growth, cell differentiation, metabolism, and other physiological processes. A total of 65 (male and female) animals were used in the study. Animals were measured for growth traits at birth weight, weaning weight, and weights at 6 months. The average daily gain (ADG) was calculated from birth to weaning (ADG1) and from birth to 6th month (ADG2). PCR-RFLP analysis was used to detect IGF-I polymorphism at the 5' regulatory region and IGFALS at Exon 1. Three genotypes (AA, AB and BB) were observed for IGF-I/BfoI locus with allele and genotype frequency 0.79(A) and 0.21(B); 0.71(AA), 0.15(AB) and 0.14(BB). Also, three genotypes (AA, AB and BB) were found for IGFALS/HinfI site with allele and genotype frequency as 0.22(A) and 0.78(B); 0.11(AA), 0.23(AB) and 0.66(BB). The genes were in agreement with Hardy-Weinberg equilibrium (p>0.05). Association analysis suggested that IGF-I and IGFALS significantly affected the growth traits (P<0.05). In terms of birth weight, The AA genotypes of IGF-I were higher than AB and BB. The AB genotype in terms of IGF-I had higher ADG2 compared with other genotypes. The AA genotype of the IGFALS gene was higher in terms of birth weight than other genotypes. In addition, the BB genotype was higher ADG1 than AA and BB. It is suggested that polymorphism of the IGF-I and IGFALS genes may be a potential molecular marker for growth traits in Hamdani sheep.