Effect of boron content on structure and magnetic properties in CoFe2O4 spinel nanocrystals

Akyol M. , Adanur I., Ayas A. O. , KARADAĞ F. , EKİCİBİL A.

JOURNAL OF ALLOYS AND COMPOUNDS, vol.744, pp.528-534, 2018 (Journal Indexed in SCI) identifier identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: 744
  • Publication Date: 2018
  • Doi Number: 10.1016/j.jallcom.2018.02.121
  • Page Numbers: pp.528-534


We study the effect of boron content on the structural and magnetic properties of CoFe2O4 spinel nanocrystallines synthesized by sol-gel method. The crystal structure and phase identification of samples are studied by using X-ray diffraction experiment and Rietveld analysis. Rietveld refinement results reveal that all samples have cubic symmetry with space group Fd3m. The cationic distributions are obtained from Rietveld refinement that boron ions are settled into both tetrahedral and octahedral sites in spinel lattice. The crystallite sizes of samples are found in a range of 47-67 nm that is in the limit of single domain in such structure. All samples show ferromagnetic nature and magnetic transition was not seen in the temperature range of 5-400 K. The magnetic domains are pinned with adding boron ions into the CoFe2O4 spinel structure at low temperatures. Thus, an increment in the propagation field (H-p) and temperature (T-p) by boron content in CoFe2O4 structure is observed. In addition, the saturation magnetization (M-s) normalized by crystal size increases with increasing boron concentration. The temperature dependence of magnetic properties of the samples taken by experimental data are confirmed with the Neel-Arhenius model by adding thermal dependence of magnetocrystalline anisotropy term. The results indicate that boron-doping into the spinel structure enhances ferromagnetic coupling and suppresses super-exchange interaction between tetrahedral (X) and octahedral (Y) sites. (C) 2018 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.