Composition of Pancarli Magmatic Ni-Cu +/-(PGE) Sulfide Deposit in the Cadomian-Avalonian Belt, Eastern Turkey

Yildirim E., Yildirim N., Donmez C., Gunay K., Korkmaz T., AKYILDIZ M. , ...More

JOURNAL OF EARTH SCIENCE, vol.31, no.3, pp.536-550, 2020 (Journal Indexed in SCI) identifier identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: 31 Issue: 3
  • Publication Date: 2020
  • Doi Number: 10.1007/s12583-020-1299-5
  • Title of Journal : JOURNAL OF EARTH SCIENCE
  • Page Numbers: pp.536-550


Pancarli Ni-Cu +/-(PGE) sulfide deposit occurs in the Neoproterozoic basement complex of the Bitlis massif, which is one of the Andean-type active continental margin fragments with arc-type assemblages represented by the Cadomian orogenic belt. Pancarli sulfides are associated with quartzo-feldspathic gneisses (country rock) and mafic intrusions (host rock). Composed of only semi-massive ore, the Ni-Cu +/-(PGE) sulfide deposit is a small-scale deposit, and it does not contain net-textured and disseminated ore. The mineral assemblage comprises pyrrhotite, pentlandite, and chalcopyrite. The semi-massive ore samples contain 2.2 wt.%-2.9 wt.% Ni, 0.8 wt.%-2.2 wt.% Cu (Cu/(Cu+Ni)=0.2-0.5) and 0.13 wt.%-0.17 wt.% Co. The Cu/Ni ratios (average 0.57) are consistent with the segregation of sulfides from a basaltic magma. Low Pt+Pd(100%S)values of 0.08 ppm-0.89 ppm, relatively low Pt/Pd ratios of 0.2-1.4, and Pd/Ir ratios of 4.5-39 have also been revealed. These values demonstrate that the magma reached S saturation before its emplacement and the mineralization with high Cu/Pd ratios formed by sulfides segregated from a PGE-depleted magma. delta S-34 isotope values (average -3.1 parts per thousand) of Pancarli sulfides are lower than mantle source. Negative delta S-34 value indicates contamination from surrounding rocks. Concerning the composition, remobilization style and magma type, the Pancarli Ni-Cu +/-(PGE) sulfide deposit is similar to the deposits associated with Andean-type magmatic arcs located in the convergent plate margin settings.