Therapeutic plasma exchange (TPE) is used in the treatment of neurological, hematological, renal and autoimmune diseases with known or suspected immune pathogenesis. In comparison with neurological diseases of adults, knowledge about the use of TPE in children is incomplete. We report our experience on TPE in children with neurological diseases in a single institution and describe the underlying etiology, clinical course, treatment and outcome. We retrospectively evaluated 22 consecutive children (12 girls, 10 boys, aged 2-16 years) who underwent TPE in the pediatric intensive care unit between January 2010 and January 2017. There were 135 TPE procedures with median 6 TPE sessions per patient. Fresh frozen plasma was used as a replacement fluid in all cases. Most common indications were inflammatory polyneuropathy followed by acquired demyelinating diseases of the central nervous system. Other indications were autoimmune encephalitis and paraneoplastic limbic encephalitis. No mortality was recorded during TPE. The complication rate was 2.2% and consisted of transient events like hypotension and allergic reactions. Therapetic plasma exchange is one of the safe methods of treatment for neuroimmunological disorders in children, with Guillain-Barr, syndrome as the most common indication.