Chromosomal aberrations associated with psychiatric disorders may suggest regions in which to focus a search for genes predisposing to psychosis by a linkage strategy. Identification of these may be especially important given the unknown pathophysiology and the probable genetic heterogeneity of psychiatric disorders. In this study, the frequencies of folate sensitive fragile sites (FS) were compared among psychiatric disorders (e.g., schizophrenia, bipolar disorder, and other psychosis) and normal individuals. The rate of FS expression in the patients was considerably higher than in the controls. Sites I p22, 1q21, 1q32, 2q3l, 3p14, 3p25, 5q22, 5q31, 6p21, 6q21, 6q25, 7q22, 7q32, 8q22, 10q21, 11q23, 12q24, 13q32, 14q24, 16q22, 17q21, Xp22 and Xq26 were expressed more frequently in the patients. Thirty possible relevant chromosomal sites were identified in schizophrenia: 1q21, 1q32, 2p13, 2q21, 3p14, 3p25, 3q21, 5q22, 5q31, 6p21, 6q25, 6q26, 7q21, 7q22, 7q32, 8q22, 9q21, 10q21, 11q23, 12q24, 13q32, 14q24, 16q22, 17q21, Xp22, Xq22, and Xq26. Possible relevant sites were also identified in bipolar disorder: sites 1p36, 1q21, 1q32, 3p14, 3p25, 5q31, 7q22, 7q32, 11q23, 12q24, 13q32, 14q24, Xp22, and Xq26. Sites in the other psychosis group were: 1p22, 1p32, 1p36, 1q21, 1q32, 2q31, 3p14, 3p25, 5q31, 6p21, 6q21, 6q25, 6q26, 7q22, 7q32, 8q22, 10q21' 11q23 12q13, 12q24, 13q32, 16q22, 16q24, l7q21 and Xq26. Among patient groups, there were significant differences in bands 1p32, 2p13, 2q21, 2q31, 3p14, 3p25, 5q31, 6q21, 6q26, 7q22, 7q32, 9q21, 11qq23, 12q13, 12q24, 16q24, and Xq22 between schizophrenic and bipolar patients. These regions were more frequently expressed in schizophrenic patients than in bipolar patients. The 1p22, 1p32, and 16q24 regions were significantly more frequently expressed in the other psychosis group than in the bipolar group. These interesting regions, which may harbor important genes for psychosis, have produced strong support for linkage in the majority of genome scan projects. Published by Elsevier Ireland Ltd.