The Reflection of Production on Space in Gaziantep Traditional Housing in the Context of the Relationship Between Housing and Culture


ERMAN O., Goeren L. F. G. E. Y. Y. A. S.

MILLI FOLKLOR, vol.135, no.135, pp.173-189, 2022 (AHCI) identifier identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: 135 Issue: 135
  • Publication Date: 2022
  • Journal Name: MILLI FOLKLOR
  • Journal Indexes: Arts and Humanities Citation Index (AHCI), Scopus, Academic Search Premier, International Bibliography of Social Sciences, Linguistics & Language Behavior Abstracts, MLA - Modern Language Association Database, TR DİZİN (ULAKBİM)
  • Page Numbers: pp.173-189
  • Keywords: Traditional housing, housing culture, traditional production, Turkish house, Gaziantep
  • Çukurova University Affiliated: Yes

Abstract

The phenomenon of housing and accommodation, as the most prominent representation of human existence, has been the subject of many historical, social and cultural-oriented studies. The reason for the interest of the studies that put the housing to its center on the cultural context can be attributed to the fact that the housing space is a cultural component and the material and nonmaterial cultural values come into being in the space. In this study, it is aimed to evaluate the relationship of housing with culture in the context of the relation of spatial characteristics of traditional house with the traditional production. The study aims to examine the effects of the traditional living culture on the formation of the housing space through the relationship between production and space in the scope of traditional Gaziantep house. The rich cultural values of Gaziantep city are noticing with its' diversity, which are protected and tried to be maintained with the awareness of citizenship, have been a factor in the selection of the city as a research area. Based on the knowledge that various handicrafts and weaving production developed and trade became widespread with agriculture-based production in the past of the city, the traces of agricultural and handicraft production in the traditional housing space were tried to be sought and the effect on housing use was determined. In this manner the traces of traditional life in the city, especially agricultural production and handicraft, in the traditional housing space were searched and the effect on the formation of the housing scheme was tried to be determined. Thus, it is aimed to discuss the traditional house as a production space and the effect of production culture on the formation of the housing space. In line with the purposes of the study, the concept of culture and its relationship with housing was mentioned and the history of Gaziantep city was given briefly. In order to evaluate the relationship of the traditional house with production, the traditional production elements of the region were determined, oral interviews with the handicraft masters of the region were made and on-site observations were realized. In the study, the areas in the traditional house are grouped as indoor residential used and outside residential used spaces. According to this grouping, in the traditional Gaziantep house, indoor spaces are divided into rooms and livan-eyvan, and non-residential use spaces are divided into hayat, kitchen-ocaklik, cave-kiler-hazna. The result shows that the traditional Gaziantep house has the characteristics of a Turkish house with its multi-layered and multi-functional use of space. In addition, the traces of the patriarchal family life in the Turkish house can be observed in the traditional Gaziantep house. In addition, it has been deter-mined that spatial components such as tabaka, sal basin, gane, and equipment such as hand loom used in production are also located in the traditional housing space. It has been determined that some of the productions carried out in the factories recently are carried out in the traditional housing in the past, and in this respect almost all spaces of the house take an active role in one of the phases of traditional production. The results revealed that the house is an extension of the traditional life, it is not only a shelter or a place of rest and preparation for the day, but also it is a place where food is produced for the winter times, and the fabric is woven to be worn.