In Turkey, every year, over 20,000 tonnes of pesticide active ingredients (a.i.) in agriculture are generally used. For fungus and insect control in peanut farming Adana province, Turkey, in 2012, 6 different a.i. were used: carboxin((WP)) fenbutatin oxide((SC)), lufenuron((EC)), mancozeb((WP)), thiodicarb((DF)), and thiram((WP)). The potential risk of pesticide a.i. on non-target organisms was determined by The Pesticide Occupational and Environmental Risk (POCER) indicators. In the present study, due to total potential risk, the highest risk was determined in thiodicarb((EC)) a.i. (Exceedence Factor (EF) 3.485) to human health and environment. The lowest risk was found for carboxin((WP)) a.i. due to its 1.000 EF total value for human health and environment. The results of this study showed that environmentally-friendly pesticide application techniques and equipment for protecting of non-target organisms and personnel protective equipment should be used to minimize pesticide exposure and its effects on human health.