The Kills breed has the highest milk yield (over 2 000 kg) amongst the Turkish local cattle breeds with good walking and pasturing abilities. Also, Kills is resistant to high ambient temperature and humidity as well as diseases and parasites of the South and Southeast Anatolian region, Turkey where it is widely bred. In the last two decades, a dramatic decrease has been observed in Kills population size due to intensive crossbreeding and replacement work practised in the region. At present, it can be said that the Kills breed is in danger of extinction. In this paper, some suggestions and research work, done on conserving this breed are briefly discussed.