The main objective of this study is to quantify and evaluate CO2 emissions related to fuel consumption for groundnut cultivation in Turkey between 2011 and 2016. The methods were used for calculating CO2 emissions are recommended by the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC). Between 2011 and 2016, in Turkey, peanut was produced on an area of 35325.45 ha. The average groundnut production and the average yield were 129464 ton and 3655 kg per hectare (ha) over the last five-year period. It was found that the average fuel (diesel) consumption for groundnut cultivation were 13.06 g per kg of seed yield. The total CO2 emissions based on lower heating value of diesel fuel and lubricant oil were 5551.3 t CO2 per year. It was calculated that the average CO2 emission was 43.16 g per kg of groundnut seed.