Mediterranean dirty edge: High level of meso and macroplastics pollution on the Turkish coast


GÜNDOĞDU S. , ÇEVİK C.

ENVIRONMENTAL POLLUTION, cilt.255, 2019 (SCI İndekslerine Giren Dergi) identifier identifier identifier

Özet

It has become apparent that the coastal zones of aquatic environments are significantly affected by plastics pollution. The accumulation of marine plastic litter on beaches is an important problem due to their significant environmental impacts. In this study, 13 coastal areas in Iskenderun Bay (NE Levantine coast of Turkey) were sampled in May 2018 to investigate meso and macroplastic (0.5-123.4 cm) pollution. A total of 1424 meso and macroplastic items in five categories (filament, film, foam, fragments, and pellets) were collected. The average meso and macroplastic concentration was 12.2 +/- 3.5 pcs m(-2) (12.3 +/- 3.5 g m(-2)) and the mean size for all stations was 3.7 +/- 0.16 cm. The highest meso and macroplastic concentration was found in the Dortyol location (46.2 +/- 7.6 pcs m(-2)) and the lowest concentration was found in the Y. Lagun location (2.3 +/- 0.2 pcs m(-2)). Plastics were separated into 14 different groups based on their origins. The most dominant type was hard plastics (broken, fragmented, and deformed) with 59.8% and greenhouse coverage films with 11%. Our results shows that regardless their source plastics fluxes at beaches from various pathways. Results of this study provide useful information for designing monitoring strategies and setting management goals. (C) 2019 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.