The reuse of dried activated sludge for adsorption of reactive dye

Gulnaz O. , Kaya A. , Dincer S.

JOURNAL OF HAZARDOUS MATERIALS, cilt.134, ss.190-196, 2006 (SCI İndekslerine Giren Dergi) identifier identifier identifier

  • Cilt numarası: 134
  • Basım Tarihi: 2006
  • Doi Numarası: 10.1016/j.jhazmat.2005.10.050
  • Sayfa Sayıları: ss.190-196


Adsorption processes are alternative effective methods for removal of textile dyes from aqueous solutions. The adsorption ability of adsorbent affects by physico-chemical environment for this reason in this paper effect of initial pH, dye concentrations, temperature and dye hydrolyzation were determined in a batch system for removal of reactive dye by dried activated sludge. The Langmuir isotherm model was well described of adsorption reactive dye and maximum monolayer adsorption capacity (at pH 2) of activated sludge was determined as 116, 93 and 71mg g(-1) for 20 degrees, 35 degrees and 50 degrees C, respectively. Initial pH 2, 20 degrees C and 30 min contact time are suitable for removal of reactive dyes from aqueous solutions. Activated sludge was characterized by FT-IR analysis and results showed that active sludge has different functional groups and functional groups of activated sludge are able to react with dye molecules in aqueous solution. The pseudo first-order, second-order and intraparticle diffusion kinetics were used to describe the kinetic data. The pseudo second-order kinetic model was fit well over the range of contact times and also an intra particle diffusion kinetic model was fit well but in the first 30min. The dye hydrolyzation was affected adsorption capacity of biomass and adsorption capacity of biomass decreased with dye hydrolyzation from 74 to 38 mg g(-1). (c) 2005 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.