A novel metal-organic framework, (H(2)pip)(n)[Sm-2(pydc)(4)(H2O)(2)](n) (1) (H(2)pydc=2,6-pyridinedicarboxylic acid, H(2)pip=piperazine) has been synthesized under hydrothermal conditions and characterized by the elemental analysis, inductively coupled plasma (ICP) spectrometer, fourier transform infrared (FT-IR) spectra, thermogravimetric analysis (TGA), single crystal X-ray diffraction analysis and powder X-ray diffraction (PXRD). The structure of 1 was determined to be three-dimensional, linked along Sm-O-Sm chains. The asymmetric unit consisted of one singly anionic fragment consisting of Sm(III) coordinated to two H(2)pydc ligands and one water, and one half of a protonated H(2)pip, which sits on an inversion center. 1 exhibited luminescence emission bands at 534 nm at room temperature when excited at 440 nm. Its thermal behavior and catalytic performance were investigated and the selectivity was measured as 100% for the oxidation of thymol to thymoquinone. (C) 2016 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.