Speech is a signal that includes speaker's emotion, characteristic specification, phoneme-information etc. Various methods have been proposed for speaker recognition by extracting specifications of a given utterance. Among them, short-term cepstral features are used excessively in speech, and speaker recognition areas because of their low complexity, and high performance in controlled environments. On the other hand, their performances decrease dramatically under degraded conditions such as channel mismatch, additive noise, emotional variability, etc. In this paper, a literature review on speaker-specific information extraction from speech is presented by considering the latest studies offering solutions to the aforementioned problem. The studies are categorized in three groups considering their robustness against channel mismatch, additive noise, and other degradations such as vocal effort, emotion mismatch, etc. For a more understandable representation, they are also classified into two tables by utilizing their classification methods, and used data-sets.