BREAKING WAVE IMPACT ON VERTICAL AND SLOPING COASTAL STRUCTURES


KIRKGOZ M.

OCEAN ENGINEERING, cilt.22, ss.35-48, 1995 (SCI İndekslerine Giren Dergi) identifier identifier

  • Cilt numarası: 22 Konu: 1
  • Basım Tarihi: 1995
  • Doi Numarası: 10.1016/0029-8018(93)e0006-e
  • Dergi Adı: OCEAN ENGINEERING
  • Sayfa Sayıları: ss.35-48

Özet

The results of laboratory experiments on the maximum and bottom impact pressures from waves breaking directly on vertical and sloping faced coastal structures are presented. Direct wave breaking on a wall is classified as early, late, and perfect breaking. Although the present study is aimed at dealing with the type of impact resulting from the perfect breaking, to some extent the occurrence of early and late breaking are unavoidable. The wave impact pressures, therefore, have a random nature of variation from impact-to-impact under the same conditions. The maximum and bottom impact pressures on walls are treated statistically. The effects of the walt angle and foreshore slope on these two quantities are examined. The results show that for practical applications, the still-water level can be taken as the acting place for the maximum impact pressure on the wall. Simultaneous impact pressure distribution below and above still-water level may be approximated as parabolic and linear, respectively. Finally, using a wall deflection criterion, a water depth region in front of the wall is defined, where the breaking wave forces may reach a critical level.