A comparative study on the analgesic effect of tramadol, tramadol plus magnesium, and tramadol plus ketamine for postoperative pain management after major abdominal surgery


Unlugenc H. , GUNDUZ M. , OZALEVLI M. , AKMAN H.

ACTA ANAESTHESIOLOGICA SCANDINAVICA, cilt.46, ss.1025-1030, 2002 (SCI İndekslerine Giren Dergi) identifier identifier identifier

  • Cilt numarası: 46 Konu: 8
  • Basım Tarihi: 2002
  • Doi Numarası: 10.1034/j.1399-6576.2002.460817.x
  • Dergi Adı: ACTA ANAESTHESIOLOGICA SCANDINAVICA
  • Sayfa Sayısı: ss.1025-1030

Özet

Background: We tested whether, after major abdominal surgery, the addition of magnesium or ketamine to tramadol for intravenous (IV) patient-controlled analgesia (PCA) improved analgesia and lowered pain scores, compared to a PCA containing only tramadol.