A comparative study on the analgesic effect of tramadol, tramadol plus magnesium, and tramadol plus ketamine for postoperative pain management after major abdominal surgery


Unlugenc H. , GUNDUZ M. , OZALEVLI M. , AKMAN H.

ACTA ANAESTHESIOLOGICA SCANDINAVICA, vol.46, no.8, pp.1025-1030, 2002 (Journal Indexed in SCI) identifier identifier identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: 46 Issue: 8
  • Publication Date: 2002
  • Doi Number: 10.1034/j.1399-6576.2002.460817.x
  • Title of Journal : ACTA ANAESTHESIOLOGICA SCANDINAVICA
  • Page Numbers: pp.1025-1030

Abstract

Background: We tested whether, after major abdominal surgery, the addition of magnesium or ketamine to tramadol for intravenous (IV) patient-controlled analgesia (PCA) improved analgesia and lowered pain scores, compared to a PCA containing only tramadol.