An evaluation of the properties of denim dyed with sulphur dyeing by elimination of pre-treatment processes

MEZARCIÖZ S., Sirlibas S.

COLORATION TECHNOLOGY, vol.138, no.5, pp.485-494, 2022 (SCI-Expanded) identifier identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: 138 Issue: 5
  • Publication Date: 2022
  • Doi Number: 10.1111/cote.12606
  • Journal Indexes: Science Citation Index Expanded (SCI-EXPANDED), Scopus, Aerospace Database, Chemical Abstracts Core, Communication Abstracts, Compendex, INSPEC, Metadex, Civil Engineering Abstracts
  • Page Numbers: pp.485-494
  • Çukurova University Affiliated: Yes


In recent years, the low-environmental impact technology has given rise to new types of treatment in the textile industry. From the environmental point of view, mainly the textile dyeing process constitutes a significant pollution problem due to the variety and complexity of chemicals employed. Denim has been identified with indigo dyestuff throughout history. However, the percentage of warp yarn woven with sulphur-dyed denim (included in the denim group of products) has increased in recent years. The justification of this study is to create a new concept in denim fabric dyeing. Conventional denim fabric properties have been tried to be obtained with less process. A novel method with a less environmentally detrimental technique that limits the use of water, chemicals, and other resources has been developed to achieve traditional denim fabric qualities. The colour changes, tensile-tear strength, skew movement, dimensional stability, and the rubbing fastness values of fabrics dyed using these methods were examined comparatively. According to the results, the properties of fabric treated with the developed dyeing method, are very similar to those of the standard dyed fabrics. The tensile and tear strength values of the fabrics dyed using the reduced process method increased. The dimensional change and movement values of the fabric dyed with the new technique are higher. Fabric dyed with the conventional method has the highest K/S value but the lowest L* value. The greatest Delta E value was seen in fabrics with stone+hypo washing. The rubbing fastness value of the fabric dyed with the reduced process method was better.