Unexpected complication after varicella: Aplastic anemia

Celik U., Alhan E., Dossaji S., BAYRAM İ., ERGİN M.

PEDIATRICS INTERNATIONAL, vol.50, no.3, pp.395-396, 2008 (SCI-Expanded) identifier identifier identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: 50 Issue: 3
  • Publication Date: 2008
  • Doi Number: 10.1111/j.1442-200x.2008.02598.x
  • Journal Indexes: Science Citation Index Expanded (SCI-EXPANDED), Scopus
  • Page Numbers: pp.395-396
  • Çukurova University Affiliated: Yes


Varicella commonly called chickenpox is a self limited and also highly contagious childhood disease. Varicella has a mortality rate of <2 per 100 000 cases. The mortality rate of untreated primary infection in immunocompromised children is 7-14% and may approach 50% in adults. Hematologic complications are frequently known to occur after a viral infection in many cases. The hematologic complications include anemia, thrornbocytopenia, neutropenia, pancytopenia, and pure red cell aplasia. To the authors' knowledge no case of post-varicella aplastic anemia has been reported in the literature. The purpose of the present paper was to describe the case of a previously healthy 8-year-old girl who then developed aplastic anemia after varicella infection.