Pulsed Laser Deposition of Niobium Nitride Thin Films

Farha A. H. , UFUKTEPE Y. , Myneni G., Elsayed-Ali H. E.

Ingot Niobium Summary Workshop, Virginia, Amerika Birleşik Devletleri, 04 Aralık 2015, cilt.1687 identifier identifier

  • Cilt numarası: 1687
  • Doi Numarası: 10.1063/1.4935317
  • Basıldığı Şehir: Virginia
  • Basıldığı Ülke: Amerika Birleşik Devletleri


Niobium nitride (NbNx) films were grown on Nb and Si(100) substrates using pulsed laser deposition. NbNx films were deposited on Nb substrates using PLD with a Q-switched Nd:YAG laser (lambda = 1064 nm, similar to 40 ns pulse width, and 10 Hz repetition rate) at different laser fluences, nitrogen background pressures and deposition substrate temperatures. When all the fabrication parameters are fixed, except for the laser fluence, the surface roughness, nitrogen content, and grain size increase with increasing laser fluence. Increasing nitrogen background pressure leads to a change in the phase structure of the NbNx films from mixed beta-Nb2N and cubic delta-NbN phases to single hexagonal beta-Nb2N. The substrate temperature affects the preferred orientation of the crystal structure. The structural and electronic, properties of NbNx deposited on Si(100) were also investigated. The NbNx films exhibited a cubic delta-NbN with a strong (111) orientation. A correlation between surface morphology, electronic, and superconducting properties was found. The observations establish guidelines for adjusting the deposition parameters to achieve the desired NbNx film morphology and phase.