Natural radionuclides are released into the environment together with fly ash from the coal-burning power plant and cause an increase in the natural radioactivity in environmental samples. The study concerns to the evaluation the influence of Kangal lignite-burning power plant (LBPP) with a power of 457 MWe, which has been in operation since 1989, on natural radionuclide a concentration in surface soil samples around it. Activity concentrations of natural radionuclides (Ra-226, Th-232, K-40 and Rn-222) in the soil samples, and emanation coefficient (EC) and mass (ERM) and surface (ERs) exhalation rate of radon were determined by using a gamma-ray spectrometer with an HPGe detector. The average values of Ra-226, Th-232 K-40 and Rn-222 EC, ERM and ERs were found as 37 +/- 5, 17 +/- 3, 222 +/- 30 Bq kg(-1) and 9 +/- 1 kBq m(-3), 12%, 12.1 mu Bq kg(-1) s(-1) and 7.1 mBq m(-2)s(-1), respectively. Absorbed gamma dose rate in outdoor air and the corresponding effective dose rate from external exposure and excess lifetime cancer risk were estimated to evaluate radiological hazards for human population. The results revealed that the Kangal LBPP has caused a small increment in Ra-226 concentration in the studied area. No influence was observed for Th-232 and K-40.