An Investigation of the Family Characteristics of Bullies, Victims, and Positively Behaving Adolescents

Onder F. , YURTAL F.

KURAM VE UYGULAMADA EGITIM BILIMLERI, vol.8, no.3, pp.821-832, 2008 (Journal Indexed in SSCI) identifier identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: 8 Issue: 3
  • Publication Date: 2008
  • Page Numbers: pp.821-832


The present study investigated the family characteristics of bullies, victims, and positively behaving adolescents. The study was conducted in three elementary schools in Adana central province with students who were attending 6th-7th, and 8th grades. A who is who form prepared by the researchers was used for the determination of the family characteristics of the students in the sample. The form was completed by 1713 students. A total of 273 students (99 girls, 174 boys) are identified according to the results: 118 bully students, 81 victim students, and 74 positively behaving students. The Family Assessment Survey, developed by Epstein, Baldwin, & Bishop (1983) and translated into Turkish by Bulut (1990), was used to measure family functions. One way ANOVA and Logistic Regression Analysis were used for statistical analysis. In conclusion, it is determined that bully and victim students perceived their families more negative than the other students in terms of problem solving, communication, affective responsiveness, affective involvement, behavior control, and general functioning. All the subscale scores of Family Assessment Survey were successfully classified 70.3% for bullies and 68.4% for victims. It is determined that problem solving, communication, and roles subscales of the Family Assessment Survey have significant support in explaining bullying. Communication, roles and behavior control subscales have significant support in explaining victimization.