This 2-year prospective study was conducted to identify those at risk for ophthalmologic emergencies, to define the risk factors and reasons for eye injuries, to analyze treatment options, and to compare findings with those of previous studies. A total of 203 patients (74% male, mean age 27.3 +/- 13.9 y, 51% right eye injuries, 44% left eye injuries, 5% bilateral injuries) with injury to 208 eyes who presented to the emergency department for treatment were included in this study. All patients were evaluated by an ophthalmologist, who completed a formal questionnaire. Information recorded included demographic data, details of the eye injury, whether eye protection was used, and the type, location, and mechanism of injury to the eye. Mechanism of injury was categorized as blunt, sharp, or a combination. The ophthalmologist reported the time that had passed between occurrence of injury and presentation for treatment. Each patient was examined by the ophthalmologist, and findings, diagnosis, and treatment were documented. Of treated patients, 93% were hospitalized, most of whom required surgical treatment. One hundred (48%) injuries were related to blunt trauma and 86 (41%) to sharp device trauma. Only 10 (4%) patients were wearing protective eyewear when injured. Ruptured globe was the most common diagnosis of hospitalized patients and the most frequent cause of this was corneal lesions; subconjunctival hemorrhage was the most common diagnosis among nonhospitalized patients. In this study, the leading cause of eye injury was workplace accidents, probably attributable to growing industrialization in the region. Ocular trauma continues to be an important health problem in Turkey. Investigators believe that with education about and use of proper eye protection, 90% of eye injuries could be prevented.