EXPERIMENTAL STUDY OF FIRE SUPPRESSION FOR Li-ION ELECTRIC BATTERIES WITH H2O


Un C., AYDIN K. , Garo J. P. , Condone B., Gentilleate M.

FRESENIUS ENVIRONMENTAL BULLETIN, vol.30, no.1, pp.790-801, 2021 (Journal Indexed in SCI) identifier identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: 30 Issue: 1
  • Publication Date: 2021
  • Title of Journal : FRESENIUS ENVIRONMENTAL BULLETIN
  • Page Numbers: pp.790-801

Abstract

In recent years, the electric vehicle (EV) has significantly and globally changed the automotive industry, forced by the huge development of lithium ion battery technologies. Different shapes of lithium ion batteries (LIB) are competing as energy storages for the automobile application. Lithium ion battery systems offer distinct advantages over other battery systems, especially with respect to long life, reliability and capacity. Different kind of LIB's are presenting as energy storages for the automotive industry. The kinds of LIB's divide into cylindrical and prismatic, whereas the prismatic type can be further divided according to the housing stability into hardcase and the pouch type. However, the fire problems has become a major safety concern with the use of lithium-ion batteries in the automotive industry. This study focuses on the fire suppression issues of EV's related to thermal runaway and fire in LIBs. Thermal runaway or fire can occur as a result of the faulty operation or traffic accidents. Release of toxic gases and explosion may then accompany the fire of the battery. This paper is devoted to study the behavior of the LIB fire in EV's, hybrid EV's and electric buses. This paper aims to aid researchers and industries working with batteries, EV's and/or fire safety engineering, to encourage active research collaborations, and attract future research and development on improving the overall safety of future EV's. Also this work attempts to develop a quantitative understanding of fire suppression mechanisms of water to EV's.