Determination of milk/plasma ratio and milk and plasma pharmacokinetics of amoxicillin after intramuscular administration in lactating cows


Ozdemir Z. , Tras B., Uney K., Faki H. E. , Besoluk T. M.

JOURNAL OF VETERINARY PHARMACOLOGY AND THERAPEUTICS, cilt.42, ss.45-51, 2019 (SCI İndekslerine Giren Dergi) identifier identifier identifier

  • Cilt numarası: 42 Konu: 1
  • Basım Tarihi: 2019
  • Doi Numarası: 10.1111/jvp.12713
  • Dergi Adı: JOURNAL OF VETERINARY PHARMACOLOGY AND THERAPEUTICS
  • Sayfa Sayıları: ss.45-51

Özet

This study was conducted to determine the passage ratio of amoxicillin into milk and its pharmacokinetics in milk and plasma after intramuscular administration. Five healthy dairy cows (Holstein, weighing 450-500 kg, aged 2-4 years) were used in this study. They received single intramuscular amoxicillin at a dose of 14 mg/kg body weight. Blood and milk samples were collected prior to drug administration (0); after 15, 30, 45, 60, and 90 min; and 2, 3, 4, 6, 8, 10, and 12 hr after administration. The plasma and milk concentrations of amoxicillin were determined using high-performance liquid chromatography with ultraviolet detection. The passage ratio of amoxicillin into milk and plasma was determined using both AUC-based calculation and milk and plasma concentrations at sampling times; it was calculated 0.46 and 0.52, respectively. The terminal half-life and mean residence time of amoxicillin were 6.05 and 8.60 hr in plasma and 2.62 and 5.35 hr in milk, respectively. The C-max2 levels of amoxicillin in plasma and milk were measured as 1,096 and 457 ng/ml, respectively. It was observed that amoxicillin exhibited a secondary peak in plasma and milk. This study was the first to report on the passage ratio of amoxicillin into milk in lactating cows.