PERFORMANCES OF SOME PERENNIAL WARM SEASON GRASSES ALFALFA (Medicago sativa L.) MIXTURES UNDER MEDITERRANEAN CONDITIONS


Cinar S., HATİPOĞLU R. , GUNDEL F. D. , AKTAŞ A., AVCI M.

TURKISH JOURNAL OF FIELD CROPS, cilt.19, ss.212-218, 2014 (SCI İndekslerine Giren Dergi) identifier identifier

  • Cilt numarası: 19 Konu: 2
  • Basım Tarihi: 2014
  • Doi Numarası: 10.17557/tjfc.46162
  • Dergi Adı: TURKISH JOURNAL OF FIELD CROPS
  • Sayfa Sayıları: ss.212-218

Özet

This research was conducted to determine forage yield and botanical composition of duo (alfalfa + one grass) and trio (alfalfa + two grasses) mixtures of some warm season perennial grass species such as dallis grass (Paspalum dilatatum Poir.), Rhodes grass (Chloris gayana L.), Bermuda grass (Cynodon dacOlon (L.) Pers.) Guineae grass (Panicum maximum Jacq.), blue couch grass (Digitaria didactyla Wind) and finger grass (Digitaria milanjiana (Rendle) Stapf) with alfalfa (Medicago saliva L.) as well as their pure sowings under irrigated conditions of Mediterranean during the years of 2011 and 2012. In the study, green herbage yield, dry matter yield, alfalfa proportion in dry matter yields and land equivalent ratio (LER) were determined. The experimental design was completely randomized block design with three replications. According to the results, it was determined that the ratios of warm season grasses in the botanical composition of the mixtures declined with the establishment age while rate of alfalfa in the botanical composition of the mixtures increased. Increasing the rate of alfalfa in the botanical composition of the mixtures also increased hay quality of the mixtures. The mixtures gave higher dry matter yield than pure sowings of the species. The highest green herbage yield (98.14 t ha(1)) was obtained from the mixture of Rhodes grass + alfalfa. The highest dry matter yield (22.46 t ha(1)) was obtained from the mixture of dallis grass + Guinea grass + alfalfa. The highest value of land equivalent ratio (LER) (1.49) was obtained from the mixture of bermuda grass +Rhodes grass + alfalfa. From the results of the study, it was concluded that Guinea grass and finger grass did not show good adaptaion to the Cukurova conditions due to low temperatures during the winter season. Bermuda grass, Rhodes grass, blue couch grass and dallis grass could be used to establish pasture mixtures with alfalfa, having long grazing season and giving high hay yield and quality. Before the establishment of such pasture mixtures, it was needed to research proper mixture ratios and proper management techniques of the mixtures.