The genotoxic and anti-genotoxic effects of Stachys petrokosmos leaf extracts (Sp) were investigated in human lymphocytes. The cells were treated with 1.5, 3.0 and 6.0 mu L/mL concentrations of Sp leaf extracts for 24 and 48 h treatment periods in the absence and presence of metabolic activator (S9mix). In the absence of S9mix, Sp alone did not induce chromosome aberrations and formation of micronucleus while inducing the mean sister chromatid exchange at the highest concentration. In addition, Sp decreased the mutagenic effect of mitomycin-c. Sp alone showed a cytotoxic effect determined by a decrease in the proliferation index, mitotic index and nuclear division index. On the other hand a mixture of Sp and mitomycin-c resulted in a higher cytotoxic effect especially for 48 h treatment period. In the presence of S9mix, Sp was not genotoxic and cytotoxic however, it showed an anti-genotoxic effect by decreasing the effects of cyclophosphamide.