Association between polymorphisms of Myf5, MSTN and CAST genes and fattening performance in Brown Swiss and Holstein cattle breeds.


Fadhil M., Zülkadir U.

Animal biotechnology, vol.32, no.1, pp.121-129, 2021 (SCI-Expanded) identifier identifier identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: 32 Issue: 1
  • Publication Date: 2021
  • Doi Number: 10.1080/10495398.2020.1781148
  • Journal Name: Animal biotechnology
  • Journal Indexes: Science Citation Index Expanded (SCI-EXPANDED), Scopus, Academic Search Premier, Aquatic Science & Fisheries Abstracts (ASFA), BIOSIS, Biotechnology Research Abstracts, CAB Abstracts, Compendex, EMBASE, Environment Index, Food Science & Technology Abstracts, MEDLINE, Veterinary Science Database
  • Page Numbers: pp.121-129
  • Keywords: CAST, fattening performance, Myf5, MSTN, regression tree, CARCASS TRAITS, CANDIDATE GENES, MEAT QUALITY, PCR-RFLP, GENOMIC ORGANIZATION, MYOSTATIN GDF8, GROWTH TRAITS, MUSCLE MASS, LARGE WHITE, EXPRESSION
  • Çukurova University Affiliated: No

Abstract

This study determined the association between Myf5, CAST and MSTN genes and fattening

performance traits in 228 (Holstein ¼ 103 and Brown ¼ 125) cattle breeds. Classification

and regression tree (CART) was used to determine association between genes and fattening

performance. The allele frequencies of Holstein cattle in terms of Myf5, CAST and MSTN

genes were A:0.30, B:0.70; A:0.43, G:0.56; A:0.97, B:0.03, respectively, whereas in the Brown

Swiss cattle were A:0.36, B:0.64; A:0.65, G:0.34; A:0.88, B:0.12 respectively. The Myf5, CAST,

and MSTN genes were found to be in the Hardy–Weinberg equilibrium (p > 0.05) in both of

the cattle breeds. As a result, the association between Myf5, CAST and MSTN genes and fattening performance traits were found to be significant according to CART analysis.