In this work, Eu, Nd co-doped MAl2O4:Eu, Nd (M = Ca, Sr, Ba) phosphors were synthesized at low temperatures (550 degrees C) by the combustion method. The crystallinity of the phosphors was monitored by X-ray diffraction (XRD) and the morphology was examined by scanning electron microscope (SEM). Synthesis of phosphors, the effect of lanthanide concentrations on light emission intensity and duration investigated by using photoluminescence (PL) measurements. Narrow orange-red emissions from 500 to 750 nm in the PL spectra are assigned to D-5(0) -> F-7(j)) (j = 0,1,2,3,...) transitions of Eu3+ ion. In contrast, the broad luminescence band of the samples in the range of 400-500 rim are attributed to the 5d-4 f transitions of Eu3+ ion in the same host materials. Investigated the effects of radiation on the severity of the trap depths of these structures. The decay curves of these phosphors show how long the phosphors are attenuated. Thermoluminescence (TL) glow curves have been recorded from room temperature to 300 degrees C at a constant heating rate of 1 degrees C/s after preheat process at 130 degrees C for 10 s using lexsyg smart TL/OSL reader. Nd3+ trap levels can be thought of as the lanthanide element that causes long composition in the phosphorescence structure at room temperature.