Flow control behind a circular cylinder via a porous cylinder in deep water


GÖZMEN B., FIRAT E., AKILLI H. , ŞAHİN B.

7th International Conference on Experimental Fluid Mechanics (EFM), Hradec-Kralove, Çek Cumhuriyeti, 20 - 23 Kasım 2012, cilt.45 identifier identifier

  • Cilt numarası: 45
  • Doi Numarası: 10.1051/epjconf/20134501035
  • Basıldığı Şehir: Hradec-Kralove
  • Basıldığı Ülke: Çek Cumhuriyeti

Özet

In this present work, the effects of surrounding outer porous cylinder on vortex structure downstream of a circular inner cylinder are investigated experimentally in deep water flow. The porosity of outer cylinder were selected as beta = 0.4, 0.5, 0.6, 0.65, 0.7, 0.75, 0.8 and 0.85. Porosity is defined as the ratio of the gap area on the body to the whole body surface area. The ratio of outer cylinder diameter to inner cylinder diameter, D-o/D-i was selected as 2.0, i.e. the inner cylinder diameter is D-i = 30 mm where the outer cylinder diameter is D-o = 60 mm. All experiments were carried out above a platform. The water height between the base of the platform and the free surface was adjusted as 340 mm. Free stream velocity is U = 156 mm/s, which corresponds to the Reynolds number of Re-i = 5,000 based on the inner cylinder diameter. It has been observed that the outer porous cylinders have influence on the attenuation of vortex shedding in the wake region for all porosities. The turbulent intensity of the flow is reduced at least 45% by the presence of outer porous cylinder compared to the bare cylinder case. The porosities beta = 0.4 and 0.5 are most suitable cases to control the flow downstream of the circular cylinder.