Deaths due to corrosive ingestion: A 10-year retrospective study

Kar H., Batuk G., Cekin N. , Isler H. B. , Uzun I., Arslan M. M.

TOXICOLOGY MECHANISMS AND METHODS, cilt.16, sa.8, ss.405-409, 2006 (SCI İndekslerine Giren Dergi) identifier identifier identifier

  • Yayın Türü: Makale / Tam Makale
  • Cilt numarası: 16 Konu: 8
  • Basım Tarihi: 2006
  • Doi Numarası: 10.1080/15376510600860490
  • Sayfa Sayıları: ss.405-409


Objectives: Evaluation of the substances used, macroscopic and microscopic autopsy findings, and the manner of corrosive ingestion deaths in Istanbul are aimed in this study. Methods: The autopsy records of the corrosive ingestion cases in Istanbul, Turkey, between 1992 and 2001 are investigated in our retrospective descriptive study. Results: The cause of death was determined as "corrosive injury" in 23 (0.089%) cases among 25,763 autopsy cases. Among these cases one was in the child age group and the corrosive substance ingestion was accidental, whereas all the other cases were adults and the ingestion was for suicidal intent. Sixteen (69.6%) of the cases were female. Nitric acid was the most frequent agent with 13 cases (56.5%). Necrosis of esophagus was determined in 19 cases (82.6%) and perforation of stomach in 11 cases (47.8%). Conclusion: Guidance and education are important tools for prevention from corrosive injuries, but we believe that the best weapon is to restrict easy access to corrosive agents by prohibiting the free commercialization of these most potent agents.