National assessment of sea level rise using topographic and census data for Turkish coastal zone


KULELİ T. , Senkal O. , Erdem M.

ENVIRONMENTAL MONITORING AND ASSESSMENT, cilt.156, ss.425-434, 2009 (SCI İndekslerine Giren Dergi) identifier identifier identifier

  • Cilt numarası: 156
  • Basım Tarihi: 2009
  • Doi Numarası: 10.1007/s10661-008-0495-z
  • Dergi Adı: ENVIRONMENTAL MONITORING AND ASSESSMENT
  • Sayfa Sayısı: ss.425-434

Özet

Turkish coastal zone elevation to sea level rise was illustrated by using digital elevation model and Geographical information systems methods. It was intended to determine several parameters such as population, settlements, land use, wetlands, contribution to national agricultural production and taxes at risk by using high resolution SRTM topographic, orthorectified Landsat Thematic Mapper Mosaics and census data with GIS methods within 0-10 m elevation of national level. All parameters were examined for coastal cities, coastal districts, settlements and villages' status. As a result of the analysis of data set, it was found that approximately 7,319 km(2) of land area lies below 10 m contour line in Turkey, and is hence highly vulnerable to sea-level rise. 28 coastal cities, 191 districts and 181 villages or towns are located below 10 m contour line in study area. In the short term, for the struggle of negative impact of sea level rise, the findings suggest that the Ministry of Environment should declare new areas as protection areas and develop special environmental programs for national level.