Crop Situation and Research in Almond

Kuden A.

5th International Symposium on Pistachios and Almonds, Şanlıurfa, Turkey, 6 - 10 October 2009, vol.912, pp.515-521 identifier identifier

  • Publication Type: Conference Paper / Full Text
  • Volume: 912
  • City: Şanlıurfa
  • Country: Turkey
  • Page Numbers: pp.515-521


Turkey has a big climatic advantage of growing horticultural plants in many parts of the country. Anatolia is also one of the important genetic origins of many fruit species (Ozbek, 1978; Kuden and Kuden, 2000). These rich species and variety potential give us opportunity to find alternative plant materials for various aims, such as drought, cold or disease resistant varieties, dwarf or vigorous rootstocks, various varieties suitable to demand of both internal and external growers and consumers, etc. Almond is one of main nut species grown in our country. However, Turkey's market share has still been very small in 2,072,100 tons of world almond production and export (FAO, 2007). Turkey is placed on the way of the genetic origins of almond, which are Middle and West Asia. Cultured and wild almonds (Amygdalus nana, Amygdalus orientalis, Amygdalus turcomenica, Amygdalus arabica and A. webbii) are extended in the country and supply big opportunity of almond growing (Kuden and Kuden, 2000).