Near-surface particle image velocimetry measurements over a yawed slender delta wing


Karasu İ., Tümse S. , Taşcı M. O. , Şahin B. , Akıllı H.

Proceedings Of The Institution Of Mechanical Engineers Part G-Journal Of Aerospace Engineering, vol.0, no.0, pp.1-13, 2021 (Journal Indexed in SCI)

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: 0 Issue: 0
  • Publication Date: 2021
  • Doi Number: 10.1177/0954410021999556
  • Title of Journal : Proceedings Of The Institution Of Mechanical Engineers Part G-Journal Of Aerospace Engineering
  • Page Numbers: pp.1-13

Abstract

In this study, extensive instantaneous velocity measurements were conducted within a flow area by stereo particle image velocimetry (SPIV) to investigate the influence of the yaw angle, β, on the vortical flow structure formed on a slender delta wing. This sideslip angle, β, in the yaw plane was varied from 4° up to 20° with an interval of 4° at two critical angles of attack, α = 25° and 35°, respectively. In order to reveal the influence of the yaw angle, β over the flow structure of the delta wing, time-averaged flow statistics, and instantaneous flow data obtained by the SPIV technique in the plan-view plane close to the suction surface of the delta wing were presented. It was observed that even a low yaw angle, for instance β = 8°, becomes to be effective on the flow characteristics of the delta wing, and this effect was augmented with increasing β. The influence of β is quite high on the vortical flow structure at α= 35° compared to the angle of attack of α = 25°. The flow structure that is symmetrical with respect to the centerline of the wing in the case of no yaw has disrupted with the existence β. Furthermore, the extent of the asymmetry enlarges with increasing β. The leading-edge vortex (LEV) on the windward side broken earlier and dominated the flow on the wing surface. It is concluded that this asymmetric flow structure can deteriorate the aerodynamic performance and cause other adverse effects such as unsteady loading.