Overview of selected virulence attributes in Aspergillus fumigants, Candida albicans, Cryptococcus neoformans, Trichophyton rubrum, and Exophiala dermatitidis

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Boral H. , Metin B., Dogen A., SEYEDMOUSAVI S., Ilkit M.

FUNGAL GENETICS AND BIOLOGY, vol.111, pp.92-107, 2018 (Journal Indexed in SCI) identifier identifier identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Review
  • Volume: 111
  • Publication Date: 2018
  • Doi Number: 10.1016/j.fgb.2017.10.008
  • Page Numbers: pp.92-107


The incidence of fungal diseases has been increasing since 1980, and is associated with excessive morbidity and mortality, particularly among immunosuppressed patients. Of the known 625 pathogenic fungal species, infections caused by the genera Aspergillus, Candida, Cryptococcus, and Trichophyton are responsible for more than 300 million estimated episodes of acute or chronic infections worldwide. In addition, a rather neglected group of opportunistic fungi known as black yeasts and their filamentous relatives cause a wide variety of recalcitrant infections in both immunocompetent and immunosuppressed hosts. This article provides an overview of selected virulence factors that are known to suppress, host immunity and enhance the infectivity of these fungi.