Historical Background of Polymeric Optical Fibers and Woven Fabrics Made of POFs

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Esmercan C., Doba Kadem F.

Cukurova University Journal of Natural and Applied Sciences, vol.3, no.1, pp.25-31, 2024 (Peer-Reviewed Journal)


Polymeric optical fibers (POF) are mono-filaments that guide light and are primarily used for transmitting data over short distances, as well as for fiber-optic sensors and illumination purposes. These fibers are composed of polymers. Fiber production is inexpensive compared to glass fibers, and the products are more long-lasting than glass optical fibers (GOF). POFs can be classified into step-index fibers (SI-POF) and graded index profile fibers (GI-POF) based on their index profile. At first, only fibers with step-index were manufactured. The need for an augmentation in the potential data transmission rates has resulted in the creation of an index profile, GI-POF. POF materials are appropriate for transmitting data over short distances and can be integrated with textile structures. Because short-distance data transfer is sufficient when using POFs in textile structures, SI-POF is a more viable option than GI-POF due to its lower production cost and the required data transfer distance. The primary goal of incorporating POF material into textile fabrics is to facilitate media transmission, such as light. POFs can be readily incorporated into a fabric by weaving. The historical context of the production of POF in a step-index profile and the process of weaving POF has been extensively studied in the literature.