The Evaluation of Different Osteotomy Drilling Speed Protocols on Cortical Bone Temperature, Implant Stability and Bone Healing: An Experimental Study in an Animal Model


ÖZCAN M. , SALİMOV F. , Temmerman A., UÇAK TÜRER O. , ALKAYA B. , HAYTAÇ M. C.

JOURNAL OF ORAL IMPLANTOLOGY, vol.48, no.1, pp.3-8, 2022 (Journal Indexed in SCI) identifier identifier identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: 48 Issue: 1
  • Publication Date: 2022
  • Doi Number: 10.1563/aaid-joi-d-20-00228
  • Title of Journal : JOURNAL OF ORAL IMPLANTOLOGY
  • Page Numbers: pp.3-8
  • Keywords: dental implant, drilling speed, cortical bone temperature, implant stability, bone healing, MICRO-COMPUTED TOMOGRAPHY, HEAT-GENERATION, THERMAL-CHANGES, SITE PREPARATION, DENTAL IMPLANTS, IN-VITRO, IRRIGATION, OSSEOINTEGRATION, PREPARATION.

Abstract

The aim of this study was to measure the effect of drilling speed on heat generation in the cortical bone, on primary and secondary implant stability of implants and on early and late bone healing with micro-computerized tomography (micro-CT). Sixty implants were placed in the iliac crest of 6 sheep in order to form 5 different drilling protocols: 50 rpm without saline cooling, and 400, 800, 1200, and 2000 rpm with saline cooling. Simultaneous cortical bone temperature and primary stability at the time of placement; secondary stability and the ratio between relative bone and tissue volume (BV/TV) in 2D and 3D in micro-CT analysis were evaluated after 4 and 8 weeks. The 50-rpm group had the highest cortical bone temperature and the longest operation duration with the highest primary stability. Slightly higher values of secondary stability (T2) and subsequent 2D and 3D BV/TV values were found in 1200 rpm with irrigation at 8 weeks. All groups had sufficient ISQ values at 8 weeks for loading although the micro-CT analysis showed varying percentages of bone tissue around implants. The influence of drill speed for implant osteotomy and its irrigation is minimal when it comes to changes in temperature of the cortical bone, primary and secondary implant stability, and BV/TV.