Biocontrol ability and action mechanisms of Aureobasidium pullulans GE17 and Meyerozyma guilliermondii KL3 against Penicillium digitatum DSM2750 and Penicillium expansum DSM62841 causing postharvest diseases


AĞIRMAN B. , ERTEN H.

YEAST, vol.37, pp.437-448, 2020 (Journal Indexed in SCI) identifier identifier identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: 37
  • Publication Date: 2020
  • Doi Number: 10.1002/yea.3501
  • Title of Journal : YEAST
  • Page Numbers: pp.437-448

Abstract

Epiphytic yeasts were isolated from different cultivars of apples and lemons and identified by a combination of PCR-RFLP of 5.8S rRNA region and sequencing of D1/D2 domain of the 26S rRNA gene. Among 69 isolates, Aureobasidium pullulans GE17 and Meyerozyma guilliermondii KL3 strains showed the greatest antagonistic activity against two significant apple and lemon postharvest pathogens, Penicillium expansum DSM62841 (blue mold) and Penicillium digitatum DSM2750 (green mold), after preliminary screening. Yeasts were applied as single and mixed cultures with two different cell concentrations of 10(6) and 10(8) cells/ml in the present study. It was determined that antagonistic activity of two yeast strains studied emerged with a combination of several mechanisms of action including competition for space and nutrients, production of volatile organic compounds (VOCs), secretion of extracellular lytic enzymes and inhibition of fungal spore germination. The highest inhibition of mycelial growth on P. expansum DSM62841 and P. digitatum DSM2750 (83.4% and 74.7%, respectively) was achieved by utilization of single culture of A. pullulans GE17. Otherwise, the application of mixed culture at the ratio of 10(8) cells/ml inhibited spore germination of both pathogens from 86% to 95%. Results of this study suggest that an increase in yeast cell concentrations positively affected their biocontrol activity against blue and green molds. According to the results, employing single culture of M. guilliermondii KL3 did not exhibit effective antagonistic activity against blue and green molds. However, utilization of A. pullulans GE17 alone and mixed culture showed succesfull controlling against both P. expansum DSM62841 and P. digitatum DSM2750.